One of the main attractions of Nepal is Bhaktapur that attracts many visitors from all over the world. Bhaktapur is located in the ancient Newar town in the eastern part of the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal. It is also known as Bhadgaon or Khwopa and it is located in the Bhaktapur District in the Bagmati Zone. It is the third largest city that is located in the Kathmandu valley and was once the capital of Nepal during the Malla Dynasty till the second half of the 15th century.
UNESCO has listed Bhaktapur as a World Heritage spot for its temples, rich culture and artwork in wood, metal and stone. This region is a very popular tourist spot for travelers that come to the Kathmandu Valley. In the recent years with the increase of air pollution in Kathmandu more and more tourists are staying in Bhaktapur prior to trekking in Nepal. Tourists that visit Bhaktapur can catch a breathtaking glimpse of the Sagarmatha of Mount Everest and the landscape of Lord Buddha. There are many tourists who feel that their journey to Nepal is incomplete till they do not visit Nepal’s ancient “City of Culture” in Bhaktapur.
Another attractive tourist attraction of Bhaktapur is pottery besides the architecture. Another specialty of Bhaktapur is its yoghurt or curd called Ju-Ju-Dhau that is traditionally sold in clay bowls. Tourists from all over the world love to have this special delicacy of Bhaktapur when they visit Nepal.
Another main attraction of Bhaktapur is Durbar Square that houses the 55 window Palace that was built by King Jitamitra Malla and that was the home to royalty until 1769. The Durbar Square is now a National Gallery that is open to tourists. There is the Golden Gate that leads into the Mulchok Court that is also home to the Taleju Temple.
The Taleju Temple like most of the temples in the major towns of the Kathmandu Valley is dedicated to the Goddess Taleju Bhawani and it also includes the shrines to both the Taleju Bhawani and Kumari. The Kumari or Living Goddess is a young girl who is chosen to live as a Goddess until she menstruates. After this she is cast as an ordinary mortal and leads an ordinary life. She can marry if she wants to afterwards but it is considered bad luck that most of the ex-Goddesses do not land up getting married. The entrance to the temple is only limited and restricted to Hindus and no one can photograph the living Goddess.
When you visit the Durbar Square in Bhaktapur you will find that the square is covered and surrounded by magnificent architecture and it showcases the skills of the Newari artists and craftsmen over many centuries. This royal palace was originally located at the Dattaraya Square and it was moved to the Durbar Sqaure in the later years. The Durbar Square was severely damaged by an earthquake in the year 1934 and this is the reason why it looks so spacious than the ones that are located in Kathmandu and Patan in the region.
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