The town of Butwal, located in the Lumbini zone of Nepal, is one of the most important strategic points in the trade sector of Nepal. Connecting the capital city of Kathmandu to India, which has open borders through the town of Mani gram, Butwal plays a major role in the functioning of the trade route of Nepal. The highways connect it to the Northern and Southern Nepal and it has become a trade center with large market areas, supermarkets and business opportunities It also has industries of plastics, confectioners, steel, cotton etc and has become more than self sufficient through the local products. The Bootwal Industrial estate is the third largest financial estate after Kathmandu, and overlooks all the financial and real estate transactions in the city and is suburbs.
Throughout history, Butwal has served as a great connecting city to the terrains of Terai and the kingdom of Awadh. It played a very important part in the British annexation of Awadh and has boasts of tales of bravery of their kings, especially king Ujurshing.
The city of Butwal, whose population grew from a mere 26,824 in 1991 to a staggering 3,71,884 in 2008 has progressed multi dimensionally when compared to the other small townships of the country. Most of the population consists of Tribal people, who have been dependent on Butwal for their trade and commerce for a very long time. There is also a constant flow of tribal immigration from other towns and hilly villages. The majority of the population is Hindu and there is a considerable Muslim population from the Terai region.
Apart from its major role in the enhancement of trade in Nepal, Butwal has also acted as a great center for education. It is one of the well renowned education hubs of the Lumbini zone of Nepal, with 4 reputed colleges, a few Private colleges and a number of schools. It also boasts on the performance of students with an average score better than anywhere in the country. With a number of educational institutions giving opportunities of higher studies in Engineering, Medicine, Fine Arts and Commerce and Management, Butwal functions as a viable option for healthcare to the rural hilly areas neighboring the city.
Like most of Nepal, Butwal also capitalizes on the great industry of tourism. The major attractions in Butwal include the hill park, the Siddha Baba temple and the museum.
The Butwal Hill Park, serving as a garden of heritage for the Gurung tribe (mainly businessmen) is the major tourist center in Butwal. Located out of the proper city limits in Deepnagar, this garden gives a magnificent view of the Butwal city as a whole. Along with the temples, there is a Chaitya Vihar, a number of mosques and churches which symbolize the unity of the community in Butwal.
Butwal also acts as the main media hub in southern Nepal, with the main media outlets being the Butwal Today. Also, the city has given birth to a number of activists and popular political figures over the years, since the time of the king Tribhuvan.
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