Maoist Party of Nepal


The Maoist Party is a political party in Nepal that has a lot of predominance and influence over the political situation in the country today. The full form of the Maoist Party is The Unified Communist Party of Nepal or UCPN (M). This party is a Nepalese political party that follows the doctrine of the Maoist form of Communism. The history of the Maoist Party begins with the Nepal Communist Party that was founded in 1949. A new Constitution was set up in 1990 guaranteeing a multi-party system that was adopted in 1990.


At this period of time most Communist politicians were in exile. There was a coalition with a few other left wing political groups, the representatives of the Maoist faction of the Nepal Communist Party established the United People’s Front in early 1991. This party was active and became the third largest party in the House Of Representatives in 1991. By 1993, this party began to fall and this led way to the creation of the Maoist Party in 1995. The current leader of the party is Pushpa Kamal who is more popularly known as Prachnada in Nepal and across the world today.


The Maoist Party has launched a “People’s War” against the monarchy of Nepal and regular organizes massive popular demonstrations to create political turmoil in the country. In 2008, the Maoist Party became the ruling party during the Nepalese Constituent Assembly Election. This party also led a coalition government till May 4th 2009 when its leader Prachanda resigned after a conflict with the President of Nepal Ram Baran Yadav. This conflict arose when Prachnada decided to sack the head of the Nepalese army Rookmangud Katawal.


The major aim of the Maoist Party is to create and establish a “People’s Democracy” in Nepal. According to the Party their efforts are to bring in a historical revolt against feudalism, imperialism and reformists. This “People’s War” originated after the Nepalese Government failed to respond to a memorandum that was presented by the representatives of the party to the Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba on February 4th, 1996.


The above memorandum that was presented to the Prime Minister listed 40 demands of the Maoist Party and they included demands related to nationalism, democracy and livelihood. The memorandum also demanded the abolition of all royal privileges, the abrogation of the Mahakali Treaty with India that regulated the distribution of water and electricity and the delineation of the border between both the countries, and the promulgation of a New Constitution.

The slogan of the Maoist Party is “let us march ahead on the path of struggle towards establishing the people’s rule by wreaking the reactionary ruling system of state”. This philosophy of this party follows Mao Tsetung who believed in the ideal that political power grows from the barrel of a gun. The other sources of inspiration are the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement and the left wing of Peru’s extremist guerilla movement, the Sendero Luminoso or the Shining Path. Radical communist parties from all over Nepal have also influenced The Maoist Party to a large extent too.

In may 2010, the maoist party of Nepal called an indefinite strike shutting down all the country and destroying the weak nepalese economy. Since that moment most of the follower of maoist party realised the very negative actions of the maoist party





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